Maldives president declares emergency, former leader arrested
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Maldivian police stand guard on a main street during a protest by opposition supporters against the government's delay in releasing their jailed leaders in Male, Maldives, February 5, 2018. â" Reuters picMALE, Feb 6 â" Maldives President Abdulla Yameen declared a 15-day state of emergency in the honeymoon islands yesterday before heavily armed troops stormed the countr yâs top court and a former leader was arrested in a deepening political crisis.
The tiny tourist archipelago in the Indian Ocean has been plunged into chaos, with the president pitted against the Supreme Court after he refused to comply with its Thursday order to release nine political dissidents.
The standoff comes amid a years-long government crackdown on dissent that has battered the image of the upmarket holiday paradise, with the president jailing almost all the political opposition since he came to power in 2013.
Yesterday, Maldives police arrested Yameenâs estranged half-brother and former president Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, who had sided with the main opposition.
The 80-year-old â" president for 30 years until the countryâs first democratic elections in 2008 â" was taken from his home in the capital Male around midnight on Monday, according to a tweet from his daughter Yumna Maumoon.
âI have not done anything to be arrested, â Gayoom said in a video message to supporters posted on Twitter.
âI urge you to remain steadfast in your resolve too. We will not give up on the reform work we are doing.â
Heavily armed troops and police special operations units had earlier stormed the Supreme Court building where Chief Justice Abdulla Saeed and others were sheltering, the court said on Twitter, though their fate was not immediately clear.
Hundreds of people had gathered outside the courts complex and police used pepper spray to disperse the crowds.
The courtâs shock move on Thursday had also ordered the government to restore the seats of 12 legislators sacked for defecting from Yameenâs party.
The opposition now has the majority in the assembly â" meaning they could potentially impeach the president.
But the government, which has ordered police and troops to resist any attempt to arrest or impeach Yameen, said the court was not above the law.
âThe Supreme Court ruling stands in defiance of the highest authority in the country: the constitution,â spokesman Ibrahim Hussain Shihab said in a statement.
âThe Supreme Court must remember that it too is bound by law.â
He said the government would âfacilitate calmâ and ensure the safety of all citizens and tourists âthroughout this unusual periodâ.
In a blow to the regime, the courtâs Thursday decision also paved the way for exiled former president Mohamed Nasheed â" the first to be democratically elected but who was controversially convicted of terrorism in 2015 â" to run for president this year.
Yameen, who has faced several unsuccessful opposition attempts to impeach him for alleged corruption, responded by shuttering parliament and on Monday his aide Azima Shukoor announced the state of emergency on national television.
âThe reason for the declaration is that the Supreme Courtâs ruling was obstructing the functioning of the government,â Azima said.
The emergency declaration gives sweeping powers to security forces to arrest and detain individuals, curtails the powers of the judiciary and bars parliament from impeaching Yameen.
But it must be officially conveyed to parliament within two days, according to officials.
Nasheed, who has expressed fears of unrest, said the declaration amounted to martial law as an opposition legislator called it a âdesperate moveâ.
â(This) is tantamount to a declaration of martial law in the Maldives,â Nasheed said, while urging regional super power India to intervene.
Opposition legislators have also called on the international community to pressure Yameen.
The United States said it was âtroubled and disappointedâ at reports the leader had declared a state of emergency while calling on him to comply w ith the rule of law.
âDespite being elected in 2013 with the support of a broad coalition, President Yameen has systematically alienated his coalition, jailed or exiled every major opposition political figure, deprived elected Members of Parliament of their right to represent their voters in the legislature, revised laws to erode human rights... and weakened the institutions of government,â the State Department said in a statement.
India meanwhile asked its nationals to defer all non-essential travel to the archipelago, saying that the situation in the country was a matter of concern.
The United Nations, Australia, Britain, Canada, India and the US previously welcomed the courtâs decision, while UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres at the weekend called for ârestraintâ as the crisis escalated. â" AFPSource: Goo gle News